Testicular pain and testis swelling hydrocele causes symptoms treatment

Testiculer pain

I. Overview of Hydrocele:

Hydrocele is a common, almost always painless, swelling disorder that can affect men’s scrotum, resulting in a feeling of heaviness and discomfort. In most cases, it only affects one of their testicles, but it can affect both testicles, if only one is affected, it’s known as a unilateral hydrocele. This swelling is caused by a collection of fluid in the space between a testicle and the scrotum. In newborns and children, this condition can affect both sexes but is more common in males. The exact cause of hydrocele is unknown, but it is usually caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of the fluid.

II. Hydrocele Symptoms:

The most common symptom of hydrocele is an enlarged scrotum and feeling of heaviness in the testicle area. Other symptoms can include swelling in the scrotum, discomfort, and painless lump. In some cases, the hydrocele may not cause any symptoms, and the patient may not notice it until they have a physical exam.

III. Types of Hydrocele:

There are two main types of hydrocele: communicating and non-communicating. Communicating hydrocele occurs when the fluid is able to travel between the two sides of the scrotum, or between the testicles, which is the most common type of hydrocele. Non-communicating hydrocele occurs when the fluid is not able to travel between the two sides of the scrotum, and it is less common than communicating hydrocele.

IV. Causes of Hydrocele:

The exact cause of hydrocele is unknown, however, it is believed to be caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of fluid that can cause a buildup in the scrotum. It can be caused by an injury, infection, or blockage in the abdomen, such as an abdominal hernia. It can also be caused by a birth defect, tumours, or cysts.

V. Hydrocele Meaning in Urdu:

In Urdu, the meaning of hydrocele is “phuthi”, which is a term used to describe a swelling in the scrotum caused by fluid accumulation. This disorder can cause a feeling of heaviness and discomfort in the scrotum area and can be painful. This swelling can occur in one or both testicles and can cause varying levels of discomfort and pain.

VI. Treatment of Hydrocele:

The treatment for hydrocele depends on the severity of the condition. Generally, doctors will recommend resting and keeping the scrotum area clean and dry. In some cases, the hydrocele can be treated with a sclerosant injection, which helps reduce the swelling. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the excess fluid, or to repair a hernia or blockage that is causing the hydrocele.

VII. Hydrocele Surgery:

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the excess fluid or to repair a hernia or blockage that is causing the hydrocele. Surgery, known as a hydrocelectomy, is usually done under general anaesthesia and involves making a small incision in the scrotum.


The doctor will then remove the fluid and any other abnormalities, such as tumours or cysts. After the surgery, the patient is typically advised to wear a supportive scrotal garment or scrotal supporter for comfort.


Hydrocele is a common men’s health issue that can cause discomfort and swelling in the testicles area. It is important to understand the symptoms, causes, types, and treatment of hydrocele in order to better manage it.


With treatment, the swelling can be reduced and the discomfort alleviated. It is important to seek medical advice, as hydrocele related complications can occur if left untreated.

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